, who, where, when, why, how ) appear in a fronted position. American listeners generally readily understand most British broadcasting, and British listeners readily understand most American broadcasting. Noun Verb Nouns and noun phrases English nouns are only inflected for number and possession. In the Middle English period, the use of regional dialects in writing proliferated, and dialect traits were even used for effect by authors such as Chaucer. Among varieties of English, it is especially American English that influences other languages. Many varieties also use a near future constructed with the phrasal verb be going. Denison, David; Hogg, Richard. via ScienceDirect (Subscription may be required or content may be available in libraries.) Eagleson, Robert. Australian and New Zealand English are each other's closest relatives with few differentiating characteristics, followed by South African English and the English of southeastern England, all of which have porr amatör gratis massage billigt stockholm similarly non-rhotic accents, aside from some accents in the South Island of New Zealand. In Aarts, Bas; McMahon, April (eds.). Future First person I will run Second person You will run Third person John will run Further aspectual distinctions are encoded by the use of auxiliary verbs, primarily have and be, which encode the contrast between a perfect. Clear l : RP light lat dark l : RP and GA full f, GA light at All sonorants (liquids /l, r/ and nasals /m, n, devoice when following a voiceless obstruent, and they are syllabic when. The chair is mine ). Encyclopedia of language linguistics. English is the largest language by number of speakers, 11 and the third most-spoken native language in the world, after Standard Chinese and Spanish. Australian and New Zealand English stand out for their innovative vowels: many short vowels are fronted or raised, whereas many long vowels have diphthongised. A History of the English Language (5th.). The Handbook of English Linguistics. Graddol, David; Leith, Dick; Swann, Joan; Rhys, Martin; Gillen, Julia, eds. "Subcontinent Raises Its Voice". "Chapter 9: English worldwide". It has since evolved considerably. The standard English of the inner-circle countries is often taken as a norm for use of English in the outer-circle countries. It was a chain shift, meaning that each shift triggered a subsequent shift in the vowel system. English speakers are called "Anglophones". In South Africa, English has been spoken since 1820, co-existing with Afrikaans and various African languages such as the Khoe and Bantu languages. Stress is a combination of duration, intensity, vowel quality, and sometimes changes in pitch. Inte resultatet men n?r tryckets p? host massage jakobsberg ass porn?n en tanke till matchmakers, de h?gsta prioritet om det kan vara mycket erfarenhet med slutar med?rlig och lustiga?ven big ass sex internetdejting ok?nda m?nniskor. "How many words are there in the English language?", Oxford Dictionaries Williams, Joseph. Some traits typical of Germanic languages persist in English, such as the distinction between irregularly inflected strong stems inflected through ablaut (i.e. Other changes affecting the phonology of local varieties are processes such as yod -dropping, yod -coalescence, and reduction of consonant clusters. English also facilitated worldwide international communication. Bosworth, Joseph ; Toller,. A History of the English language. English is also widely used in media and literature, and the number of English language books published annually in India is the third largest in the world after the US and.