, and a nationwide book burning was held on 10 May. Nazi book burnings took place; nineteen such events were held on the night of Tens of thousands of books from dozens of figures, including Albert Einstein, Sigmund Freud, Helen Keller, Alfred Kerr, Marcel Proust, Erich Maria Remarque, Upton Sinclair, Jakob Wassermann,. World War II (Top) Animated map showing the sequence of events in Europe throughout World War II (Bottom) Germany and its allies at the height of Axis success, 1942 Foreign policy Further information: Diplomatic history of World War II Germany Germany's. SS formations committed many war crimes against civilians and allied servicemen. The Bank of France was forced to provide.5 billion Reichsmarks in "credits" to Germany, while a further 500,000 Reichsmarks were assessed against Vichy France by the Nazis in the form of "fees" and other miscellaneous charges. Soviet forces advanced into Finland in the Winter War, and German forces saw action at sea. The Reichskulturkammer (Reich Chamber of Culture) was organised under the control of the Propaganda Ministry in September 1933. Hundreds more pastors were arrested. It was dependent on the regular army for heavy weaponry and equipment, and most units were under tactical control of the High Command of the Armed Forces (OKW). By 1935, military expenditures accounted for 73 percent of the government's purchases of goods and services. An elaborate bureaucracy was created to regulate imports of raw materials and finished goods with the intention of eliminating foreign competition in the German marketplace and improving the nation's balance of payments. They objected to the Old Testament because of its Jewish origins and demanded that converted Jews be barred from their church. From membership in the Hitler Youth was made compulsory for all children over the age of ten. To determine who should be killed, Himmler created the Volksliste, a system of classification of people deemed to be of German blood. On 19 August, the merger of the presidency with the chancellorship was approved by 90 percent of the electorate in a plebiscite. Richard Overy estimated in 2014 that about 353,000 civilians were killed in Allied air raids.